The Project and Construction Management Guidelines document (hereafter referred to as the Guidelines) has been developed under Federal Transit Administration (FTA) sponsorship to assist those involved in advancing transit capital projects to achieve implementation success in terms of the project scope, function, schedule, cost, and quality.
The Guidelines were originally published in September 1990 and subsequently updated in June 1996 and again in May 2003. They summarize FTA requirements, best practices, and research results in the management of transit capital project development. The Guidelines are designed for use by FTA “grantees” (also used to mean “owner”, “transit agency”, or “project sponsor”) and their consultants as well as the FTA staff and Project Management Oversight (PMO) contractors. FTA maintains oversight for the grants that it awards, but assigns the grant administration and project management responsibility to the grantees. FTA assigns the responsibility for oversight of nearly all capital grants to the appropriate FTA Regional Office.
Dedicated use of the Guidelines should continue to contribute to effective project management on the part of the grantee, and effective oversight and guidance by FTA and the PMO contractor. Each project phase should: 1) start with inputs or a baseline, 2) have a process that refines the project definition and generates outputs that, 3) become the inputs or baseline for the subsequent phase. By defining the requirements for each phase and sound approaches to their accomplishment, the Guidelines allow grantees to define project requirements, allocate resources, perform project activities, monitor progress, and make adjustments, as required, to obtain the proper information and assure that timely decisions are made utilizing risk-informed and performancebased project management. Adherence to the Guidelines should minimize scope changes, schedule slippages, cost overruns, and quality problems, and contribute to fully meeting all the performance objectives of the transit capital project.
Because a sound management and control plan should be implemented early in the life of a project, the Guidelines encompass the planning phase, in addition to the design and construction phases, where the greatest level of effort is expended.
For completeness, the operational or revenue service phase is also presented to encourage a comprehensive, life cycle management approach. This approach systematically assesses the relationship between the constructed transit capital project and operational realities to determine future system needs, both modernization and expansion.